Graham: Cut bureaucracy, not bases

Guest ColumnistMay 28, 2012 

As we honor those who have fought, bled and made the ultimate sacrifice in defense of their nation, we must also keep in mind the soldiers, sailors and marines who serve today. Many of them serve in far-off lands, but the work they do is invaluable in keeping our nation safe.

The first priority for the federal government is to provide for our nation’s defense. As fiscal austerity gains greater importance, we must ensure that we continue to provide our military with the resources to meet our national security needs. While we must ask the military to do more with less, we cannot, and should not, ask it to bear a dramatically disproportionate share of the burden.

Unfortunately, that is exactly what is happening.

Last summer, the debt-limit debate offered our nation an opportunity to stop kicking the can down the road and get our fiscal house in order. However, instead of taking concrete actions like passing a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution, Congress chose to pass the poorly conceived Budget Control Act, which contained language known as a “sequestration” that will do more damage to our military than any foreign force or terrorist organization.

The sequestration provisions will force $1.2 trillion in across-the-board cuts in domestic and military spending over 10 years. When the half-billion-dollar sequestration provisions are combined with the half-billion-dollar defense cuts President Obama had already put forward, our defense spending will be cut by more than $1 trillion. That’s as much as a 23 percent cut, beginning on Jan. 1.

A cut of this magnitude will hollow out the greatest fighting force in the world. At a Senate Armed Services Committee, I asked Defense Secretary Leon Panetta if the sequester would be tantamount to shooting ourselves in the foot. He responded that we would be “shooting ourselves in the head.”

The consequences to our nation’s defense infrastructure, of which South Carolina plays an integral role, would be severe. These deep cuts create increased uncertainty for both our military and defense industrial base, and come at a time when threats to our nation are increasing, not declining.

In November, Sen. John McCain and I sent a letter requesting concrete details regarding the impacts of sequestration. Secretary Panetta responded that “rough estimates suggest after ten years of these cuts, we would have the smallest ground force since 1940, the smallest number of ships since 1915, and the smallest Air Force in its history.”

Closer to home, South Carolinians’ service to our national defense through military bases and training facilities, defense contractors and other civilian support are substantial. The economic footprint is an estimated $13 billion a year in South Carolina.

South Carolina is home to some of the finest military installations in the country. The Joint Base Charleston community has 20,172 employees. Shaw Air Force Base in Sumter supports more than 7,317 military and civilian employees and 8,206 family members. Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort is slated to receive a squadron of F-35s. But the F-35 program already has faced delays, and with the uncertainty of sequestration, this program may be in danger. Fort Jackson is the largest and most active initial entry training center in the Army, training more than 36,000 soldiers each year.

The solution is not to abandon the plan of reducing spending by $1.2 trillion over 10 years, but to do it in a responsible way that prevents destroying the military. I am proposing that we reduce the federal civilian workforce rather than gutting the military. Instead of replacing all three workers who retire, simply hire two, which would require the federal government to be more efficient.

We need to get our fiscal house in order, and I am all for finding responsible savings in the Defense budget. But an arbitrary, across-the-board cut, without a thorough look at capability, is both foolish and dangerous.

It weakens our national security, unduly puts our soldiers at increased risk and will hurt our state.

Now is not the time to sit on the sidelines and watch our national defense infrastructure crumble because congressional leaders can’t find more responsible ways to reduce the deficit.

Mr. Graham represents South Carolina in the U.S. Senate. Contact him via lgraham.senate.gov.

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