WASHINGTON — The way fans reacted to Dolores Harts decision to become a cloistered nun, you might have thought the movie star had announced her intention to kill herself.
Even close friends and family could not fathom why this Grace Kelly look-alike, who gave Elvis his first on-screen kiss and had her pick of acting jobs, would stow herself away in a nunnery for the rest of her life.
As if to test her resolve in those weeks before she left Hollywood, Universal Studios offered her a role opposite Marlon Brando, a role she turned down shortly after she broke off her engagement to Don Robinson, a kind and handsome businessman who loved her intensely.
Even my best friend, who was a priest, Father Doody, said, Youre crazy. This is absolutely insane to do this, Mother Delores Hart remembered in a recent interview, conducted 50 years after she entered the Order of St. Benedict.
To try to explain her decision to a world thats perhaps even more enamored of celebrity than it was a half century ago, Hart, 74, has written The Ear of the Heart, a memoir of her life on screen and behind the convent walls.
Even though she wasnt raised Catholic, 9-year-old Dolores decided to convert when she found meaning and comfort in the rituals of her Catholic school. At 24, she quit Hollywood to answer a call she heard from God. I left the world I knew in order to reenter it on a more profound level, she writes.
But others took the abandonment of her career as an almost personal affront.
It just offends so many that I would somehow look at that and say, Its useless, its meaningless, there is something more important. Because for most persons, success and money and fame are the things that really make life worthwhile, and so you dont just dismiss that, she said.
Even my beloved aunt, who was a sister of St. Joseph, she was livid, Hart continued. Because she loved having a niece who was famous.
Harts book tour will take her across the country, and away from the place she has rarely left since she abandoned her movie star dream life, and where she is now prioress. The Abbey of Regina Laudis is 450 acres of farmland, barns and chapels in rural Connecticut, 100 miles north of New York City an abbey that, not coincidentally, includes a working theater.
Founded by Hart and the late actress Patricia Neal, the open-air theater seats 300 and stages both dramas and musicals at reasonable prices for people who could not otherwise enjoy live theater. And yes, they have produced The Sound of Music, Hart confirmed without having to be asked.
Hart made 10 Hollywood movies from 1957 to 1963, including two with Elvis, and Where The Boys Are, the blockbuster 1960 comedy in which she stars as a college girl looking for spring break fun and perhaps premarital sex.
She is most proud of her supporting role in the 1959 Broadway comedy, The Pleasure of His Company, for which she received a Tony Award nomination, and the film Lisa, (1962) in which she stars as a Jewish woman tortured in a Nazi concentration camp.
To prepare for the role, she wanted to talk to a survivor who had actually lived through the Holocaust.
Suzanne Zada, a young Jewish woman who had survived Auschwitz and immigrated to Los Angeles, hated to be an object of curiosity for those impressed by her wartime trauma. But she agreed to meet Hart at a restaurant on the Sunset Strip, and remembers how disarmed she was by the first thing the young actress ever said to her:
Before I sit down, may I tell you, on my way here I was considering myself a real pig for wanting you to remember your suffering, just so I can do a better acting job.
Hart was nominated for a Golden Globe for her portrayal of Lisa. Today, Hart is the only nun who is a voting member of The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (the Oscars).
Maria Cooper Janis, the daughter of screen idol Gary Cooper and one of Harts best friends, said Hart found a way to keep a foot in Hollywood while fully embracing Benedictine life, which keeps the nuns mostly isolated, and on a strict schedule of prayer, study and manual labor.
A painful neurological disease, peripheral idiopathic neuropathy, now limits her physical activity, but for decades, Hart worked in the abbey laundry and in the wood shop, building coffins.
She also carefully tended her friendships from her movie star days, and made Regina Laudis a welcoming place for those who needed a spiritual break or those who just missed her and her borderline naughty sense of humor.
Built like a brick shipyard, is how Hart admiringly describes her friend, the retired actress Valerie Allen, and makes herself laugh when she remembers Allens questions about Catholicism: Once we were talking about heaven and Valerie said, Im not Catholic, so what does it mean, when you go to heaven, that youre going to get your body back? And I said, Thats what the Lord says. And Valerie said, When I go Im going to ask him for my boobs when I was 18, my waist when I was 33 and my ass when I was 36. And I said, Valerie, if thats what you want, ask for it. Faith teaches you to ask for whatever you need.
It was Janis who had introduced Hart to Patricia Neal, when the Oscar-winning actress was struggling with weighty personal problems. The two developed a strong bond. Neal, one of many in show business to seek rest and counsel with Hart at Regina Laudis, is the only one to become a Catholic on her deathbed at the abbey, and to have been buried there.
Janis along with Harts devoutly Catholic fiance was one of Harts friends who did not argue when told that she was leaving for the convent. Janis said she did not assume, as many others had, that her best friend was running way from men, or Hollywood or running away from life.
I knew this was absolutely what she had to do, said Janis, who is Catholic, but said she is moved more by the spirit of her religion than its doctrine. You dont stand in the middle of the tracks of a speeding train coming at you.
Zada, the Holocaust survivor who became fast friends with Hart, did try to talk her friend out of monastic life.
I was very upset and actually for a couple of years I was still writing her angry notes about throwing her life away, said Zada, who still travels from Los Angeles to visit Hart at the abbey.
If you heard what I hear, Hart once told Zada, you would come, too.
Zada said she came to realize that even though she would never understand what compelled her friend to give up one life for another, Hart did understand, and that was all that mattered.
Everything comes from her heart, Zada said. As corny as it sounds.
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Eds: RESENDING to CORRECT Center for Religious Expression in Memphis, sted Nashville.
(CORRECTION) Appeals court OKs pastors suit against Oklahoma license plate 375 words By GREG HORTON c. 2013 Religion News Service
(RNS) A Methodist pastor of a suburban Oklahama City church is suing the state, claiming its license plate image of a Native American shooting an arrow into the sky violates his religious liberty.
Last week, the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver ruled his suit can proceed.
The pastor, Keith Cressman of St. Marks United Methodist Church in Bethany, Okla., contends the image of the Native American compels him to be a mobile billboard for a pagan religion.
A trial judge threw out the suit. But on June 11, the appeals court ruled that Judge Joe Heaton should have recognized that Cressmans suit contained a plausible compelled speech claim.
Cressman, a former lawyer, claims he cant be compelled to use religious speech that violates his own religious beliefs.
Cressmans lawyer, Nathan Kellum of the Center for Religious Expression in Memphis, Tenn., said the First Amendment not only guarantees freedom of expression and religion, it also guarantees that people cannot be forced to say things with which they do not agree.
My client does not believe he should be compelled to display an image that communicates a pagan practice, that of shooting an arrow into the sky to draw rain from a rain god, Kellum said.
The image is a reproduction of a sculpture by master sculptor Allan Houser, a version of which is owned by the Smithsonian Institution. Titled Sacred Rain Arrow, the piece is based on an ancient Chiricahua Apache legend about a warrior who had his bow and arrow blessed by a medicine man for the purpose of ending a drought.
A committee chose the image because it is very well known in Oklahoma and sits in front of Tulsas Thomas Gilcrease Museum.
The appeals court ruled that Cressman had presented enough evidence to establish that the message on the license plate is a particularized claim that others would recognize.
Diane Clay, a spokeswoman for the Oklahoma Attorney Generals Office, said the 10th Circuit is well known for its tendency to err on the side of freedom of speech.
The state could allow the trial to return to Heatons court, file a petition for rehearing before the entire appellate court or petition to be heard before the U.S. Supreme Court.
YS/AMB END HORTON
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Study says gays find most U.S. faiths unfriendly 425 words By ADELLE M. BANKS c. 2013 Religion News Service
(RNS) Gay Americans are much less religious than the general U.S. population, and about three in 10 of them say they have felt unwelcome in a house of worship, a new study shows.
The Pew Research Centers study, released Thursday (June 13), details how gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Americans view many of the countrys prominent faiths: in a word, unfriendly.
The vast majority said Islam (84 percent); the Mormon church (83 percent); the Roman Catholic Church (79 percent); and evangelical churches (73 percent) were unfriendly. Jews and nonevangelical Protestants drew a more mixed reaction, with more than 40 percent considering them either unfriendly or neutral about gays and lesbians.
Ross Murray, director of news and faith initiatives for the gay rights group GLAAD, said relations between the religious and gay communities have warmed in recent years, but before the last decade they were pretty painful.
He thinks the sense of unfriendliness comes in part from the loudest voices of faith speaking through an anti-gay frame. Religious groups that support gays and lesbians, as a GLAAD study found last year, get far less media attention.
The leading anti-gay voices always put it in religious terms, which taints how people view religion, Murray said.
While Pew researchers found that U.S. gays noted increased social acceptance, 29 percent of those surveyed said they personally have felt unaccepted in a house of worship. That compares to 39 percent who say theyve been rejected by a close friend or family member, and 21 percent who say theyve been treated unfairly by an employer.
Almost 50 percent of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender adults say they have no religious affiliation, compared to 20 percent of the general population. One-third of religiously affiliated gay and lesbian adults say there is a conflict between their faith beliefs and their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Although many gay Americans seem to eschew faith, the majority of those who are religiously affiliated are Christian 42 percent. Two percent are Jewish and 8 percent belong to another non-Christian faith.
Just like the general public, younger gays and lesbians are less likely to have religious ties. But while nearly one-third of 18- to 29-year-olds in the general public are not affiliated with a religion, almost double that share 60 percent of gays and lesbians in that age group are unaffiliated.
The Pew survey was based on interviews from April 11-29 with 1,197 self-identified gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender adults and had a margin of error of plus or minus 4.1 percentage points.