S.C. in running for Boeing 777X design, manufacturing work

The Seattle TimesOctober 30, 2013 

The newest member of the 777 family, the Boeing 777-200LR Worldliner is the world's longest range commercial jetliner with a maximum range of 9,420 nautical miles (17,446 km). It will carry more people and more cargo farther than any other jetliner.

BOEING PHOTO

— Boeing Co. told its employees Wednesday that “much of the detailed design work” on the new 777X widebody would be done outside Washington state’s Puget Sound area, but the head of the company’s white-collar union cautioned against interpreting the news as a major blow to the local engineering workforce.

Boeing said Wednesday that the design work will be carried out by Boeing engineering teams in Charleston, as well as Huntsville, Ala., Long Beach, Calif., Philadelphia and St. Louis. The company’s design center in Moscow also would contribute, a memo said.

The internal message from Mike Delaney, head of engineering, and Scott Fancher, head of new airplane development, said that “at this time, no decisions have been made about 777X design or build in Puget Sound.”

However, a story in the Wall Street Journal Tuesday said Boeing is considering giving the North Charleston plant a bigger role in building the long-range jet. That story cited unnamed industry officials briefed on the company’s planning and said the company is considering the South Carolina plant for final assembly of the jet and to build new carbon-fiber composite wings.

The company currently is working on a deal to more than double the size of its North Charleston site for unspecified aircraft manufacturing, the story said.

Ray Goforth, executive director of Boeing’s white-collar union, the Society of Professional Engineering Employees in Aerospace, described the company’s internal memo as “inflammatory” and said “the way it was phrased sent some people panicking.”

Detailed design work on Boeing’s previous new airplane program, the 787 Dreamliner, was largely outsourced to major partners including Japanese and Italian suppliers.

This time around, it’s being kept within Boeing.

“I see this as Boeing bringing work back in, as opposed to moving work out of Puget Sound,” said Goforth.

Detailed design is just part of the overall engineering and design effort needed to build the 777X.

Goforth said that 777X design work will consist initially of “a fairly large chunk of core engineering” that will define the overall airplane, especially the size and shape of the new composite wing, the power and size of the new engines, and the impact those new structural elements have on the loads to be borne by the fuselage, the tail and the landing gear.

Then detailed design is done on the different pieces: the innards of the new wing, the nacelle pods that encase the new engines, the insert plug that stretches the fuselage, the landing gear.

But all those different design pieces must be coordinated and integrated to make sure the overall airplane design still works as a whole.

Goforth said that both the initial core engineering and the later integration of the detailed design of all the separate pieces will have to be done by Boeing’s engineers in Washington state.

“The centers of experience for commercial airplane design are here in Puget Sound,” said Goforth. “I think there’s no doubt Puget Sound will play the key integrating role. Boeing just doesn’t have the capacity anywhere else, frankly.”

Some of the detailed design on the 747-8, which, like 777X, was a derivative model rather than an all-new airplane, was done in Boeing’s Moscow design center.

But the overall design and integration work was done in Everett, Wash.

Still, the announcement is another aggressive move in the strategy announced by Delaney last spring to distribute commercial airplane engineering work around the company rather than having it concentrated in Washington state.

In an internal message in May, Delaney said Boeing’s Commercial Airplanes unit would establish three domestic engineering design centers – in Washington state, Southern California and South Carolina – as well as one international design center in Moscow, and would also create formal ties to smaller engineering teams in Philadelphia and Huntsville.

Boeing in Washington state employs about 15,700 engineers and 7,500 technical professionals. In southern California, it has some 1,200 engineers and in North Charleston about 1,000 engineers.

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