Friday’s frigid temperatures in the Midlands served as a precursor for a stronger, colder blast on the way next week, according to forecasters.
The next cold front will swoop into the state Monday. According to the National Weather Service, it’ll be a relatively balmy 45 when parents send their kids back to school Monday morning. By the end of the day, temperatures will be in the low 20s.
The kids will need the full “A Christmas Story” bundling-till-their-arms-don’t-move treatment Tuesday morning, when lows around 20 will be accompanied by enough wind to make it feel like around 12 degrees.
The wind should be lighter and temperatures still below freezing Wednesday morning, before returning closer to normal winter conditions on Thursday.
The skies are expected to be dry during the cold snap, so there’s little chance of snow.
Brutal cold looms in Midwest
The weather warnings further north are dire: Life threatening wind chills. Historic cold outbreak.
Winter is normally cold, but starting Sunday tundra-like temperatures are poised to deliver a rare and potentially dangerous sledgehammer blow to much of the Midwest, driving temperatures so far below zero that records will shatter.
One reason? A “polar vortex,” as one meteorologist calls it, which will send cold air piled up at the North Pole down to the U.S.
The temperature predictions are startling: 25 below zero in Fargo, N.D., minus 31 in International Falls, Minn., and 15 below in Indianapolis and Chicago. At those temperatures, exposed skin can get frostbitten in minutes and hypothermia can quickly set in because wind chills could hit 50, 60 or even 70 below zero.
Temperature records will likely be broken during the short, yet forceful deep freeze that will begin in many places on Sunday and extend into early next week. That’s thanks to a perfect combination of the jet stream, cold surface temperatures and the polar vortex – a counterclockwise-rotating pool of cold, dense air, said Ryan Maue, of Tallahassee, Fla., a meteorologist for Weather Bell.
“All the ingredients are there for a near-record or historic cold outbreak,” he said. “If you’re under 40 (years old), you’ve not seen this stuff before.”
Snow already on the ground and fresh powder expected in some places ahead of the cold air will reduce the sun’s heating effect, so nighttime lows will plummet thanks to strong northwest winds that will deliver the Arctic blast, Maue said. And there’s no warming effect from the Gulf to counteract the cold air, he said.
The cold blast will sweep through parts of New England, where residents will have just dug out from a snowstorm and the frigid temperatures that followed. Parts of the central Midwest could also see up to a foot of snow just as the cold sweeps in pulling temperatures to 10 below zero in the St. Louis area.
Even places accustomed to normally mild to warmer winters will see a plunge in temperatures early next week.
“This one happens to be really big and it’s going to dive deep into the continental U.S. And all that cold air is going to come with it,” said Sally Johnson, meteorologist in charge at the National Weather Service in Sioux Falls.
It’s relatively uncommon to have such frigid air blanket so much of the U.S., maybe once a decade or every couple of decades, Maue said. But in the long-run the deep temperature dives are less meaningful for comparison to other storms than daytime highs that are below-zero and long cold spells, he said.
And so far, this winter is proving to be a cold one.
“Right now for the winter we will have had two significant shots of major Arctic air and we’re only through the first week of January. And we had a pretty cold December,” Maue said.
Cities and states are already taking precautions. Minnesota called off school for Monday statewide, the first such closing in 17 years, because of projected highs in the minus teens and lows as cold as 30 below. Milwaukee and Madison, Wis., students also won’t be in class Monday. North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple urged superintendents to keep children’s safety in making the decision after the state forecast called for “life threatening wind chills” through Tuesday morning.
Sunday’s playoff game in Green Bay could be among one of the coldest NFL games ever played. Temperatures at Lambeau Field are expected to be a frigid minus 2 degrees when the Packers and San Francisco 49ers kick off, and by the fourth quarter it’ll be a bone-chilling minus 7, with wind chills approaching minus 30, according to the National Weather Service. Officials are warning fans to take extra safety measures to stay warm including dressing in layers and sipping warm drinks.
And though this cold spell will last just a few days as warmer air comes behind, it likely will freeze over the Great Lakes and other bodies of water, meaning frigid temperatures will likely last the rest of winter, Maue said.
“It raises the chances for future cold,” he said, adding it could include next month’s Super Bowl in New York.
The Associated Press contributed to this story
Need shelter from the cold?
Those going to the emergency shelter need to register from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekdays at Hope Plaza, at the corner of Main and Calhoun streets. After-hours, in an emergency, people may call director Kerry Breen at 600-0717, or the shelter at 255-8158.
“If all else fails, they can call the police,” Breen said.
About 175 of 240 available beds were occupied by Friday afternoon, Breen said.
An adult 18 or older may go to the Transitions Day Center from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. The facility is at Main Street and Elmwood Avenue, said Craig Currey, chief executive officer. Those at the center may use restrooms, wash clothes, take showers and get a hot lunch, Currey said. They also may ask for one of the 255 beds.
Beds typically are available, he said. Residents are served breakfast and dinner.
“It is going to be cold,” Currey said. “We’re trying to get as many people in here as we can.”
-- by Cassie Cope
Here are Columbia’s forecast lows for early next week from Intellicast.
(late in the evening)
(wind chill in teens)