Shuanghui International Holdings Ltd., China’s biggest pork producer, has agreed to acquire Smithfield Foods Inc. for about $4.72 billion to boost supplies for the nation that’s the biggest consumer of the meat.
Closely held Shuanghui, parent of Henan Shuanghui Investment & Development Co., will pay $34 a share for the Smithfield, Va.-based producer, both companies said Wednesday in a statement. The offer is 31 percent more than Tuesday’s closing share price.
China’s consumption of pork is rising with the expansion of its middle class while questions are being asked about the safety of the country’s food supply. Smithfield’s livestock unit is the world’s largest hog producer, bringing about 15.8 million of the animals to market a year, according to the company’s website. It owns 460 farms and has contracts with 2,100 others across 12 states.
The takeover is valued at $7.1 billion including debt, which would make it the largest Chinese takeover of a U.S. company, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The deal is likely to face scrutiny by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, said two people familiar with the situation who asked not to be identified because the information is private.
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“On the one hand, pork is not directly an issue of national security, as defense or telecom might be,” Ken Goldman, a New York-based analyst for JPMorgan Chase said in a report Wednesday. “On the other hand, if CFIUS comes to believe that Chinese ownership of the U.S.’s largest hog farmer and pork supplier presents a food supply risk, then it may have a heightened concern.”
The takeover will be financed through a combination of cash, the rollover of existing Smithfield debt, and additional debt that has been committed by Morgan Stanley and a group of banks, according to the statement.
Smithfield’s existing management team will remain and C. Larry Pope will continue as president and chief executive officer. The deal is expected to close in the second half of 2013, pending approval from Smithfield shareholders and regulators.
Pope said on a conference call with analysts that there had been a “growing relationship” between Smithfield and Shuanghui over the past four years.
“China is a large and growing market,” Pope said. “Asia as a whole is a tremendous and growing export opportunity for Smithfield.”
Smithfield shareholder Continental Grain Co. has been pushing for changes at the meat producer in the last few months. Continental Grain said in a letter in March that Smithfield should consider splitting into three businesses — one selling pork and packaged meats, another that runs hog farms, and a third based outside the United States — because the unprofitable hog-raising unit hurts returns. The shareholder’s request came after Smithfield’s stock trailed competitors Hormel Foods and Tyson Foods in the prior year.
Barclays is Smithfield’s financial adviser and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett and McGuireWoods is its legal counsel on the deal. Morgan Stanley is the financial adviser for Shuanghui and Paul Hastings and Troutman Sanders are serving the company’s legal counsel.