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Remembering a decade of change

WASHINGTON - Numbers are one way to measure where you've been and where you're going.

In the first decade of the 21st century, numbers show the U.S. has grown in population but its per-household earnings, adjusted for inflation, have declined.

The trade deficit has increased with China, but declined with Europe. The number of Republican public officials has dropped and so has the average approval rating of the presidents. Exxon Mobil has replaced Microsoft as the most valuable U.S. company. The number of college students has dropped, and cell phone use has skyrocketed.

Here are other statistics that trace the changes that took place in the past 10 years.

THE UNITED STATES

Population

279,295,000 (1999); 308,150,087 (2009)

Hispanic percentage

11.7 (1999); 15.1 (2007)

Black percentage

13 (1999); 12.3 (2008)

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. POLITICS

Registered voters

183 million (1998); 189 million (2008)

Republican governors

31 (1999); 22 (2009)

Democratic governors

17 (1999); 28 (2009)

Republican state legislators

3,442 (1999); 3,234 (2009)

Democratic state legislators

3,882 (1999); 4,073 (2009)

Female members of U.S. House of Representatives

60 (1999); 78 (2009)

Female members of the U.S. Senate

9 (1999); 17 (2009)

Openly gay U.S. members of Congress

3 (1999); 3 (2009)

Millionaires in the Senate

30 (1999); 67 (2009)

Millionaires in the House

66 (1999); 170 (2009)

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, Roll Call, Committee for Responsive Government, Center for Responsive Politics

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

Number of federal executive-branch employees

1.778 million (1999); 1.977 million (2009, estimate)

Total federal debt

$5.606 trillion (1999); $12.9 trillion (2009, estimate)

Total federal budget

$1.733 trillion (1999); $2.932 trillion (2009)

SOURCES: Office of Management and Budget, Internal Revenue Service, Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator

ECONOMY

Dow Jones industrial average

11,497.12 (Dec. 31, 1999); 10,547.83 (Dec. 28)

U.S. work force

139 million (1999); 155 million (2009)

People over 65 still working

4 million (1999); 6 million (2008)

Households receiving Social Security

27.1 million (1999); 30.6 million (2008)

Two-income households

37.5 million (1999); 39.3 million (2008)

Unemployment rate

4.2 percent (1999); 10 percent (November 2009)

Jobless workers

5.7 million (1999); 15.4 million (November 2009)

Unemployed workers not included in jobless number because they haven't looked for work in the past month

1.1 million (1999); 2.3 million (November 2009)

Total trade with China (imports and exports)

$94.9 billion (1999); $296.24 billion (through October 2009)

Trade deficit with China

$68.7 billion (1999); $188.5 billion (through October 2009)

TECHNOLOGY

Percentage of households with land-line telephones

96 (1998); 91 (2005)

Percentage of households with cell phones

36 (1998); 71 (2005)

Average annual household cell-service expense

$210 (2001); $606 (2007)

Number of text messages sent in December

2.1 billion (2003); 110.4 billion (2008)

Total Internet retail sales

$5 billion (fourth quarter 1999); $32 billion (third quarter 2009)

Homes with cable TV

69 million (2000); 62 million (2006)

Homes with satellite TV systems

11.7 million (2000); 28 million (2007)

Average monthly cost for basic cable

$28.92 (1999); $44.28 (2008)

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, AOL, Consumer Electronics Association, Harvard Center for Astrophysics, Skype, Wikipedia, Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator

MILITARY

Number of active-duty members of the U.S. armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines)

1.1 million (1999); 1.4 million (2009)

Defense budget (including supplementals)

$270.5 billion (fiscal year 1999); $680 billion (fiscal year 2010)

Percentage of new recruits who graduated high school

98 (1999); 73.8 (2009)

Troops based in Germany

65,540 (1999); 53,960 (2009)

Troops based in South Korea

36,000 (1999); 28,500 (2009)

Authorized strength of U.S. military Reserves (National Guard and Reserves)

877,000 (1999); 847,900 (2009)

Troops based in the country with the largest U.S. military presence

65,540 (1999, Germany); 115,000 (November 2009, Iraq)

Minimum pay for an Army major

$31,349 (1999); $48,322 (2009)

Minimum pay for an Army private first class

$13,417 (1999); $19,796 (2009)

SOURCES: Department of Defense, Military Pay Chart, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator

HEALTH

Average U.S. life expectancy

76.7 (1999); 77.9 (2007)

Men: 73.9 (1999); 75.3 (2007)

Women: 79.4 (1999); 80.4 (2007)

U.S. infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

7.1 (1999); 6.77 (2007)

Global child mortality rate (deaths before age 5 per 1,000 live births)

87 (1999); 65 (2009)

Life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa (years)

46 (1999); 51 (2009)

New AIDS cases in the U.S.

41,356 (1999); 37,041 (2007)

AIDS deaths in U.S.

17,982 (1999); 14,561 (2007)

Diagnosed diabetics in the United States

11.1 million (1999); 17.9 million (2009)

Number of births to unmarried women in the U.S.

1.307 million (1999); 1.642 million (2006)

Number of Trojan condoms shipped in the United States

340.992 million (1999); 552.672 million (2009)

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNICEF, Diabetes Association of Greater Cleveland, Trojan

LIFESTYLES/MISC.

Average movie ticket price

$5.08 (1999); $7.46 (2009)

In constant 1999 dollars

$5.08 (1999); $5.75 (2009)

Percentage of U.S. households that watched the top-rated television show

18.6 (1999, "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire"); 14.4 (2009, "American Idol")

American homes without indoor plumbing

1.436 million (1999); 1.259 million (2007)

States that have legalized medical marijuana

5 (1999); 13 (2009)

Registered marijuana users in California

0 (1999); 37,236 (2009)

States that permit same-sex marriage

0 (1999); 6 (2009)

U.S. prison inmates

2,026,596 (1999); 2,304,115 (2009)

Homicides in the U.S.

15,530 (1999); 16,272 (2008)

U.S. executions

98 (1999); 51 (as of Dec. 14)

SOURCES: Hollywood.com, Nielsen, U.S. Census Bureau, Marijuana Policy Project, Department of Justice, FBI, Death Penalty Information Center

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