A look at some who played a role in the bombardment of Fort Sumter and the later siege of the city:
Lt. Gen. John Pemberton
Pemberton, best known for surrendering Vicksburg to Union Gen. Ulysses Grant in 1863, was given command of Charleston’s defenses in 1862.
Pemberton, a Northerner, nonetheless joined the Confederate army because of the influence of his Virginia-born wife. In Charleston, however, he alienated S.C. and Georgia officials by saying he would abandon the area if his outnumbered army was threatened. Confederate President Jefferson Davis reassigned Pemberton to Mississippi.
Pemberton’s successor in Charleston was Beauregard, who returned to the spot where he commanded Confederate troops that started the war.